Grief and Loss
Loss can happen at any age, but it is more common as people get older. Common losses for older adults are the deaths of loved ones, loss of a job and income, loss of health, and loss of independence. Sometimes, many losses happen in a short time. This can make it harder to cope with each loss.
Grief is the emotional response for loss. Everyone grieves differently. It is thought that there are five common emotions for grief. These are described in the table below. Some people may have one or two of these. Some may have all five. These emotions do not happen in any order.
|Emotion||How a person reacts||What a person thinks|
|Denial and Isolation||Will not accept the loss. Stays away from social activities and people.||"This can't be happening."|
|Anger||Thinks the loss is not fair. Can feel angry about everything.||"Why me?" "Who is to blame?"|
|Bargaining||Asks a higher power to change what has happened.||"If you stop this from happening, I will..."|
|Depression||May be sad all the time. May not be able to do normal daily activities.||"What is the point of doing anything?"|
|Acceptance||Finds peace with what has happened. Accepts the loss.||"I still feel sad, but it will be okay."|
Grief may include physical symptoms. Some common symptoms are:
- Physical pain, such as headaches or an upset stomach
- Low energy, and not being able to sleep
- Less interest in eating
- Being distracted or forgetful
- Having a hard time concentrating
- Changes in the person's spirituality
Tips for Helping Older Adults With Grief and Loss
Below are some tips to help older adults cope with grief.
- Help them stay connected to friends and family. Spend time with the person. Offer to invite others to visit, such as members of the person's faith community. Suggest joining a support group. Suggest volunteering for a cause they choose.
- Be available to listen when they are ready. Let them talk openly about their feelings. Do not give advice. Listen without judgement. Do not compare their experience to what others have experienced. Do not compare their feelings with how others feel.
- Suggest they write about their emotions. Sometimes writing down thoughts and feelings can make them less powerful.
- Join them in healthy activities they enjoy. Travel, play a game, take a walk, or cook a healthy meal with them.
- Encourage them to start a new activity or hobby. Perhaps they want to learn to draw, or play an instrument. Look for free or low-cost classes at nearby senior centers or community recreation centers.
- Help the person with daily chores, such as grocery shopping and cleaning.
- Schedule daily exercise. Join them for a walk or a swim. Try a fitness class together.
- If the grief is caused by the death of a loved one, honor the deceased person. Ask if they want to celebrate the person's birthday, enjoy their favorite foods, or make a memory book.
Grieving takes time. There is no set length of how long grief lasts. But some people are not able to recover from grief. Watch for signs of depression or anxiety, such as when the person stops taking care of them self, or talks a lot about death. If the person shows signs of depression or anxiety that gets worse over time, ask a health care provider or mental health professional for help. If the loss is a death, local hospice services host support groups to help family members with the grieving process. Over time, most people will start to feel better.
Written By: Lillian Mees, LMSW and Charisse Radnothy, LMSW, Banner University Medical Center
Care Partner Information ~ Tips for Providing Older Adult Care
Edited by an interprofessional team from the University of Arizona Center on Aging
This project was supported by the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) under grant number U1QHP28721, Arizona Geriatrics Workforce Enhancement Program. This information or content and conclusions are those of the author and should not be construed as the official position or policy of, nor should any endorsements be inferred by HRSA, HHS or the U.S. Government.